The Nox 1.0.0 release of the Advanced Resource Connector

November 30, 2009

The Advanced Resource Connector (ARC) middleware, introduced by NorduGrid, is an open source software solution enabling production quality computational and data Grids since May 2002. The latest production ARC release, the version 0.8.1 was released on November 6, 2009.

The Nox release of the ARC software collects and integrates several innovative next generation services and client tools into a consistent software release. Nox components have been developed by the KnowARC project over the last three years and represent software services of different levels of maturity. Some of them are already deployable in production environments, while others should be considered only as technology preview prototypes.

Nox is not meant to be a replacement of the current line of ARC production releases. The purpose of the release is to offer an early possibility to try out the new Web Service (WS) based standard-compliant components before they can appear in one of the coming production ARC releases. Some of the Nox components are actually already a part of the latest production ARC release. The Nox release can be deployed simultaneously with a production release ARC installation.

The Nox release makes the ARC middleware available on additional long-awaited popular platforms. ARC has long been known for its very good portability and support for wide range of Linux versions. This release of ARC moves one step further by initiating the inclusion of Nox packages into the Linux distributions themselves. The design of ARC and the careful choice of underlying dependencies takes the portability of the code to a new level. Nox is now available on Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X and Solaris.

The release code name Nox originates from the date of the end of KnowARC project: November 2009. N – for November and Ox for the corresponding Lunar year.

Like the rest of ARC, Nox is released under Apache 2.0 license.

Release Content

Hosting Environment Daemon

The central part of the WS-based ARC is the Hosting Environment Daemon (HED). HED is a container for all other functional components of the WS-based ARC, both on the server and client side. HED is also a development framework which provides powerful tools for Grid security and communication tasks. The HED C++ libraries are available via Python language bindings.

ECHO Service

ECHO service is a simple testing service developed in the HED framework. It accepts SOAP messages and returns them either the same or slightly modified. The ECHO service comes with two clients, arcecho and perftest, usable for testing the setup and performance of HED.

A-REX Service

A-REX is the job execution service providing computing element functionality via a standard-based WS interface. It is implemented as a service within HED framework. A-REX is a service accepting requests containing description of generic computational jobs and executing it in underlying Local Resource Management System (LRMS).

The A-REX uses a WS interface which provides a way to submit and control jobs to be executed by the A-REX and the underlying batch systems (LRMS). A-REX comes with highly configurable security management implemented via policy decision points and policy handlers based on X.509 certification schema.

A-REX supports following LRMS:

There are two notable A-REX plugins included in the release:

Chelonia - distributed storage system

The ARC storage system is a distributed system for storing replicated files on several file storage nodes and manage them in a global namespace.

The services of the Storage system are the following:

All these services of the Storage system are implemented within the HED using the Python bindings.

Hopi Service

Hopi service provides simple implementation of http(s) server. It supports GET and PUT operations. It can be used as a simple file transfer service and it is usable via common Web browsers and other http(s) clients (e.g. wget). Currently Chelonia relies on Hopi for transfer of data files.

ISIS the information system

ISIS is the new Information Indexing Service of ARC. ISIS comes with P2P capabilities and exhibits a WS interface for service registration and query.

Charon Service

Charon is a remote policy decision point service, implemented in HED. It accepts formatted policy decision request and return positive or negative response. When running a Charon (within the HED), the TLS layer can be used for securing the communication.

The client arcdecision sends a policy decision request to Charon service and returns the policy decision result.

ARC client development libraries

There are two general purpose libraries on which the client tools of WS ARC are built upon:

Job submission and control binaries (arc* commands) are based on libarcclient library. The new library supports multiple Grid flavours: ARC (both WS based and pre-WS ARC) and gLite (through CREAM interface) and the client library comes with Python language bindings.

Data manipulation commands include the Chelonia CLI and a set of basic generic data management tools based on libarcdata library.

Other command line tools include such handy utilities as arcproxy - ARC's own Grid credentials management tool, arcinfo for querying status of grid services, perftest for testing performance of services residing in HED and others.


The Nox release comes with man pages, user and sysadmin manuals and technical documentation describing the internals and usage of the new components. Documents distributed within the release:

In addition to the abovementioned documents and manpages there is a dedicated release Wiki page containing installation and setup instructions.

Supported platforms

ARC is known for its portability through wide variety of Linux operating systems. New development was even more ambitious, and now makes ARC available also on Windows, MAC OS X and Solaris.

The code was tested and binary packages are provided for the following platforms:

Hardware requirements

For a A-REX (computing service), one will need a cluster running a LRMS or a standalone box configured with "fork" LRMS. Administrator privileges are required.

For a Chelonia (storage system), one will need a conventional disk array with front end running one of supported OS, or simply a box with some storage capacity. Administrator privileges are required.

For all other services, a not-too powerful shared computer is sufficient. Administrator privileges are required.

Multiple services can be deployed on the same box.

For a client, any machine with OS from supported pool will do, no administrator privileges are necessary.

Get the Nox release

Source tarball is available from the NorduGrid software repository.

Binary packages, including external dependencies, for client and server installation for the supported platforms are available through the KnowARC project site.

Repository information is available at the NorduGrid Wiki.

Furthermore, dedicated repositories containing ARC packages and all the necessary external dependencies were set up for convenient installation for the most popular Linux distributions. It should be noted that all the Nox packages are on the way to be included, thus to be available in the main repositories of Fedora and Debian/Ubuntu popular linux distributions while the external dependencies are already part of the Linux distributions.

For release information please consult the official Nox Release page.


Support and contact

User support and site installation assistance is provided via the request tracking system available at . In addition, NorduGrid runs a couple of mailing lists, among which the nordugrid-discuss mailing list is a general forum for all kind of issues related to ARC middleware.

NorduGrid deploys the . Feature and enhancement requests, as well as discovered problems, should be reported in the Bugzilla.

The NorduGrid Web site is the central place related to ARC middleware, including its Nox release.

Release coordinators:

NorduGrid homepage